The 4 C's
No two diamonds are exactly the same. It is important to understand the agreed-upon standards throughout the world while deciding the best stone for you. The four C’s are universally understood as color, clarity, cut, and carat weight. Here are the most important things to know about each of these.
Color is evaluated through the absence of its color. A structurally perfect diamond will have no hue and therefore a higher value. It can be near impossible for the naked eye to see the color in diamonds at times and so a grading scale from D to Z is implemented with D having the least color. Controlled lighting and the use of masterstones, which have established color value, will help you to see the difference.
Clarity refers to the absence of inclusions and blemishes. During the chemical process a diamond is exposed to mass amounts of head and pressure in the earth. This causes internal characteristics known as inclusions and external characteristics called blemishes. The clarity is evaluated by figuring its number, size, relief, nature, and position of the inclusions and blemishes. No diamond is totally pure, but the closer to perfection, the higher the value.
Cut refers to the stone’s ability to unleash light. The grade of the cut is determined by how well the light will reflect of the facets. Very precise artistry and workmanship are needed in order for a diamond’s cut to have perfect proportions, symmetry and polish.
Carat weight is the measurement of the diamond’s weight. One carat equals 200 milligrams. Each individual carat can be divided into 100 points. This makes the weight of a diamond extremely precise. A jeweler will often refer to the carat weight by points such as a diamond that weighs .25 carats can be expressed as a 25 pointer. Anything larger than a carat are shown with a decimal, like 1.25 carats.
One of the most important, initial decisions you'll make when designing and purchasing an engagement ring is the diamond shape.
Determining a diamond shape will be largely influenced by your bride-to-be's style, lifestyle, and personal preference. Watch for cues in the jewelry she wears. If she's feminine and classic, a round, oval or cushion-cut diamond might suit her well. If she's a bit edgier and is not afraid to push the limits of fashion, a princess, emerald-cut or marquis diamond might be a great option. We are here to help you evaluate the options in order to best determine a diamond shape that she'll LOVE for life.
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